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CSE Citation Style

About CSE style

The Council of Science Editor's (CSE) style is used for citing references in the physical and life sciences.

The CSE style has two systems of citation, the Citation-Sequence system and the Name-Year system.  This guide will focus on the Name-Year system. 

Your CSE citations will include in text citations, as well as a Reference List at the end of your paper.

CSE was formerly called CBE style.

 The purpose of documentation is to:

  • Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
  • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a Works Cited list at the end of your paper.

Online Images

The CSE manual is not very clear about how to cite images; in most science publications, the figures and photographs used are the researcher's own. The example below is in keeping with the basic guidelines for citing material found online. Images must include a caption and source information. The only exception: source information does not need to be included for your own drawings or photographs.


Source: Spheniscidae [Internet]. Wikimedia Commons; c2003 [updated 2016 Mar 21; cited 2016 Mar 31]. Available from:

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Printable CSE Guide