Skip to main content

CSE Citation Style

About Citing Articles

When citing articles, take note of the author, article title, periodical title, volume and issue numbers, the date, and page numbers. 

Note that the citation format is slightly different if the article is in print or online, and if an electronic article has a DOI, or Digital Object Identifier.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation- entry that appears in the body of your paper.

Reference List- entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information was drawn from Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers.

Online Article with DOI

The general format and example below refers to an online journal article with a DOI (digital object identifier).
Follow the journal title with the medium designator [Internet], the date you retrieved the article, the URL where it is located, and the DOI.  Do not list any other type of document ID number, unless it states it is a DOI.


For the titles of journals, abbreviate the significant words, and leave out other words such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. Leave out subtitles.
For Example:
The Journal of Biocommunication = J Biocommun.
JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association = JAMA
Virology = Virology
For a list of journal title abbreviations, see the List of Journals Indexed for National Library of Medicine.
General Format
In-Text Citation:
(Author date)
Reference List:
Author AA. Year. Article title. Journal title. [Internet]. [cited year Mmm dd]; Volume (Issue): Page Numbers. Available from:
URL doi:


In-Text Citation:
(Yencho et al. 2008)
Reference List:

Yencho GC, McCord PH, Haynes KG. 2008. Internal heat necrosis of potato - a review. Am J Potato Res [Internet]. [cited 2011 Jan 18]; 85(1): 69-76. Available from:
doi: 10.1007/s12230-008-9008-4

Learn More

Printable CSE Guide