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CSE Citation Style

About Citing Articles

When citing articles, take note of the author, article title, periodical title, volume and issue numbers, the date, and page numbers. 

Note that the citation format is slightly different if the article is in print or online, and if an electronic article has a DOI, or Digital Object Identifier.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation- entry that appears in the body of your paper.

Reference List- entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information was drawn from Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers.

Two-Ten Authors

The general format and example below refers to a journal article with two-ten authors.

Note that online journal articles have their own format.

For an article with ten or fewer authors, list them all, including the tenth author.

For the titles of journals, abbreviate the significant words, and leave out other words such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions. Leave out subtitles.

For Example:
The Journal of Biocommunication = J Biocommun.
JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association = JAMA
Virology = Virology

For a list of journal title abbreviations, see the List of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE.

General Format

In-Text Citation for Two Authors:
(Author and Author date)

In-Text Citation for Three or More Authors:
(Author et al. date)

Reference List:
Author AA, Author BB. Year. Article title. Journal title. Volume (Issue): Page Numbers.


In-Text Citation for Two Authors:
(Snaphaan L and van der Werf S 2009)

In-Text Citation for Three or More Authors:
(Snaphaan et al. 2009)
Reference List:

Snaphaan L, van der Werf S, Kanselaar K, de Leeuw F. 2009. Post-stroke depressive symptoms are associated with post-stroke characteristics. Cerebrovasc Dis. 28(6): 551-557.

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Printable CSE Guide