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CSE Citation Style

About Citing Audiovisual Media

To cite audiovisual media note the author (or producer/director), the title, publisher and date of publication.

The title of audiovisual media is followed by a medium designator such as [videocassette] or [videodisc].

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation- entry that appears in the body of your paper.

Reference List- entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information was drawn from Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers.

Motion Picture

The general format and example below refers to a motion picture.

Be sure to include a medium designator after the title.  For a DVD use [videodisc], and for a VHS use [videocassette].

The publication information is followed by a physical description of the medium, e.g., 1 videodisc: 122 min, sound, colour, 4 3/4 in. OR 1 videocassette: 68 min, sound, colour, 1/2 in.

General Format

In-Text Citation:
(Author date)

Reference List:
Author AA. Year. Title. [medium designator]. Place of publication (State or Prov): Publisher name. 1 [medium designator]: description.


In-Text Citation:
(Downey 2006)
Reference List:

Downey D, producer/director. 2008. Community health nursing: a practical view. [videodisc]. St. John's (NL): Memorial University of Newfoundland. 1 videodisc: 28 min, sound, colour, 4 3/4 in.

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