Skip to main content

Chicago Manual of Style

Unpublished Interviews and Personal Communications (Sec. 14.214)

Unpublished interviews and personal communications (conversations, emails, letters, etc.) are generally cited in a footnote only; they are rarely included in the Bibliography. 
 
General Format 
 
Full Note: 
1. Interviewee/Email Sender First Name/Initial Surname, interview with/email
to First Name Surname, Date of Interview.
 
Example:
1. Nicolas Flamel (alchemist), interview with author, August 9, 2011.
2. Tony Stark (owner, Stark Enterprises), email message to
author, October 14, 2017.
3. Interview with elementary school teacher, September 5, 2016. 
 
Subsequent Note: 
Generally the same as the full note. Can list Interviewee/Email Sender by Surname only.
 
Bibliography:
Typically no bibliography entry required.