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APA Citation Style Guide

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Websites & Web pages

If you refer to an entire website in your paper, but do not include any a specific idea, fact or document, then just include the URL of the website in parentheses within the text.

In-text Example:
The MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia ( allows users to browse for topics and find information on a variety of health topics and medical procedures.


Webpage (personal author):

Note: Only italicize the title of a document that stands alone (books, reports, etc.), not the title of a document that is part of a greater whole. If you are not sure whether something stands alone (such as a document on a website), choose not to italicize.


Author, A. A. (Date). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://...


Paetkau, J. (2018). B.C. has highest rate of medically assisted death in Canada. Retrieved from


Webpage (corporate author):


Corporate Author. (Date). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://...


Tk’emlúps te Secwepemc. (2018). Our history. Retrieved from


Webpage (no date):



Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http://...



Royal Institute of British Architects. (n.d.). Shaping the future: Careers in architecture. Retrieved from


Webpage (no author):

Note: Webpages that appear to have no author usually have a corporate author that takes responsibility for the content.  If no one takes responsibility for the content, then you should be very, very cautious about citing it, but if there truly is no author, then start the citation with the title of the webpage.



Title of webpage. (2010). Retrieved from http://...



New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Retrieved March 21, 2001, from

Blogs & Social Media

APA Reference page entries for blogs & social media (Twitter, Facebook, etc) will usually include:

  • Author/Creator
  • Date the item was posted to the website
  • Title
  • Note indicating what type of source it is, eg: [Blog post], [Tweet], [Facebook note]
  • URL that the item was retrieved from
Blog post:

Note: To find the author's name, look to the beginning or end of the post for "Posted by", or an "About" link on the site. If you can't find the author's real name, use the screen name.


Author, A. A. (Year, Day Month). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://...


Perelman, D. (2017, May 24). Broccoli rubble farro salad [Blog post].  Retrieved from

TheDailyWalk. (2017, March 21). Ten things you must do to stay healthy [Blog post]. Retrieved from


For more information on citing social media such as Facebook and Twitter, see the APA Style blog post on How to Cite Social Media.


Avoid citing Wikipedia.  If you need to use information from Wikipedia, look in the "References" and the "External Links" sections for credible sources for that information.  If you can't find a better source for the information and simple must use it, then include the date that you accessed it in your citation.


Title of Entry. (Date of publication or "n.d." if unclear). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Month Day, Year from


Utilitarianism. (n. d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved December 1, 2013 from