A quick introduction to the concept of open access in universities.
For more information on how you can make your research more visible, visit:
This video was produced by the Canadian Association of Research Libraries and McGill University Library.
Licence by Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
Open Access (OA) literature is:
After an author or copyright-holder consents to making their work free on the Internet, minimal or no restrictions are attached to the work.
In most fields scholarly journals do not pay authors. Authors can therefore consent to OA without loss of revenue. OA is compatible with peer-review and all major OA initiatives for scientific and scholarly literature support the importance of OA. Most journal editors and referees participating in peer-review donate their time and expertise.
OA literature is not free to produce but is often less expensive to produce than conventionally published literature. Issues surrounding OA center around whether scholarly literature can be made available at no charge and whether there are alternative methods to fund OA than by charging readers or creating access barriers.
Suber, P. (2012). Open Access Overview. Retrieved from http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm.
Learn more about the benefits of Open Access resources, see:
Open Access initiative began over 40 years ago. The most important at the time was the Project Gutenberg. As the Internet was increasingly used as a research tool, several developments advanced Open Access sources:
Listing of Open Access articles in Physics, Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, and Quantitative Biology.
The primary aim of DOAB is to increase discoverability of Open Access books.
This service offers free, full-text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals covering a wide variety of subject and laguages. The collection of over 6,000 journals is searchable at both the article and journal level with access to over 500,000 articles. This is an invaluable Open Access resource.
OpenDOAR allows you to search for respositories or search repository contents.
About 13000 scientific journals are now available in the Open Science Directory. This directory is established in support of scientific work in developing countries.
OAIster is a union catalog of millions of records representing open access resources that was built by harvesting from open access collections worldwide using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). Today, OAIster includes more than 25 million records representing digital resources from more than 1,100 contributors.
The Open Access Directory is a wiki where the open access community can create and maintain simple factual lists about open access to science and scholarship.
The Open Access Directory (OAD) is a compendium of simple factual lists about open access (OA) to science and scholarship, maintained by the OA community at large.
Institutional Repositories (IR) are one way that institutions, such as universities, can provide free access to academic work. You may also want to search repositories to find OA research from researchers, scholars and students.
There are many IR, here are a select few:
Opening Access to Research
SPARC®, the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, is an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to correct imbalances in the scholarly publishing system.
Action by SPARC in collaboration with stakeholders – including authors, publishers, and libraries – builds on the unprecedented opportunities created by the networked digital environment to advance the conduct of scholarship.
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition. (2012) What is Sparc? Retrieved from http://www.arl.org/sparc/about/index.shtml
Funding Agencies and OA
The Government of Canada’s three federal granting agencies for research in the higher education sector;
are "committed to developing a shared approach for improving access to publicly funded research in keeping with internationally recognized best practices, standards and policies for funding and conducting research".
The directory will be open to all publishers who publish academic, peer reviewed books in Open Access and should contain as many books as possible, provided that these publications are in Open Access and meet academic standards.
InTech is a pioneer and world's largest multidisciplinary open access publisher of books covering the fields of Science, Technology and Medicine. Since 2004, InTech has collaborated with more than 70 000 authors and published 1827 books and 12 journals with the aim of providing free online access to high-quality research and helping leading academics to make their work visible and accessible to diverse new audiences around the world.
OAPEN (Open Access Publishing in European Networks) is a collaborative initiative to develop and implement a sustainable Open Access publication model for academic books in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The OAPEN Library aims to improve the visibility and usability of high quality academic research by aggregating peer reviewed Open Access publications from across Europe.
Inherent in the idea of Open Access is the principle that information and knowledge should be shared and developed upon collaboratively without restrictive copyright laws.
A current environment of social networking and crowd sourcing has seen the development of another strong sub-culture - Open Access Multimedia.
Within this culture of the scholarly and academic Open Access movement, development and use of various media is growing.
You may find images on the web and think it is easy to just cut and paste; however, you cannot use graphics, videos, and images from the web without determining usage permissions and copyright levels.
Articles and Blog Posts
Beall, J. (2012). Scholarly Open Access [Web Blog]. Retrieved from: http://scholarlyoa.com/
Coonin, B. & Younce, L. M. (2010). Publishing in Open Access Education Journals: The Authors’ Perspectives. Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian, 29:118–132.
Accessible through TRU Library at: http://bit.ly/SZHHnb
Furlough, M. (2010). Open Access, Education Research, and Discovery. Teachers College Record, 112(10): 2623–2648.
Accessible through TRU Library.
Image via Wikipedia / Public Library of Science
Laakso M., Welling P., Bukvova H., Nyman L., Björk B. C. & Hedlun, T. (2011). The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009. PLoS ONE, 6(6):e20961. Accessible through TRU Library.
Suber, P. (2004, December 29). A very brief introduction to open access [Web log post]. Retrieved from: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/brief.htm
Suber, P. (2010, November 6). Open Access Overview: Focusing on open access to peer-reviewed research articles and their preprints [Web log post]. Retrieved from: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
Willinsky, J. & Alperin, J. P.(2011). The academic ethics of open access to research and scholarship. Ethics and Education, 6(3): 217-223. Accessible through TRU Library InterLibrary Loan program at: http://bit.ly/R3zLVP
Learn more about the differences and similarities between open access and traditional publishing in this series of YouTube videos produced by open-acess.net
"An open access article and a closed access article meet for the first time. Since the closed access article has never heard of open access to scientific and scholarly information, the open access article has to explain it to him. (This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.)" open-acess.net (2011)
"The open access article and the closed access article meet for the second time. The closed access article has never heard of the Creative Commons licences under which the open access article has been published, so the open access article has to explain what they are. (The Creative Commons t-shirt can be purchased at the online shop of the information platform: http://openaccessnet.spreadshirt.de/. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.)" open-acess.net (2011)
"The worn out closed access article is happy that finally someone read him. However, he wonders why the open access article is still looking fresh although he's been read way more often. (The open access t-shirt can be purchased in the online shop of the information platform: http://openaccessnet.spreadshirt.de/. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.)" open-acess.net (2011)
"The closed access article is proud to be finally "online" too. Yet due to some reason he's not been read as often as the open access article ... (This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.)" open-acess.net (2011)
"The closed access article is about to vanish because his publisher wants to stop his journal. Fortunately the open access article knows the road that the closed access article has to take in order to be visible in the future ... (This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.)" open-acess.net (2011)
A response to many common (and misleading) arguments against open access from BioMed Central.
Blogs offer opportunities to discuss a wide variety of OA-related scholarlship, events, publishing, and researching activities happening around the world. Written by individuals, companies, academic librarians, researchers, scholars, and members of the public, these sites often explore some interesting debates in the open access movement.
Open Source Software can be understood as software which can be used free of charge and provides license to change the source code for the users particular needs. All the materials on this list are available free of charge, and many allow access to the source code.
These products are created and maintained in a public, collaborative manner whereby users can typically download, use and modify them to meet their particular needs.
Before downloading any Open Source product, make sure to research its reputation for performance and reliability. For help, take a look at Top Tips for Evaluating Open Source Software.
CamStudio is able to record all screen and audio activity on your computer and create industry-standard AVI video files and using its built-in SWF Producer can turn those AVIs into lean, mean, bandwidth-friendly Streaming Flash videos (SWFs).
Screen Capture like the other applications. Only here there is a emphasis on immediacy of use and simplicity.