When citing audiovisual media, whether it is a podcast, CD, news, YouTube video, television or film clip, you should always provide the description in brackets [ ] to show the format in your citation.
Examples: [Video file], [Television series episode], [Audio podcast], [CD].
Note: the author of a video posted on YouTube or a similar site is generally presumed to be the person who posted the video.
Author, A. A. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video
Gonzalez, A. (2014, Dec 28). Beeding slipper tops [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awDgNnQJs0E
Great big story. (2017, Feb 27). Pow wow in the club: A new spin on First Nations music [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQWd1B31RC8
Author, A. A. (Role/Contribution). (Date of production/publication). Title in sentence case and italics [Format]. Retrieved from http://website.com/
Pagel, J. (Producer). (2017, Oct 10). These girls will stop at nothing to get their own hockey team [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/player/play/1064370243732/
The primary contributors (e.g. Producer, Director) are listed in the author position. The format (e.g., Motion picture, DVD) is given in square brackets after the title.
Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Year). Title of movie [Format]. Country where movie was
produced: Name of Studio.
Hitchcock, A. (Producer), & Hitchcock, A. (Director). (1963). The birds [Motion picture]. United States: Universal Pictures.
When a movie has been accessed online, the URL takes the place of the country and the studio.
Hitchcock, A. (Producer), & Hitchcock, A. (Director). (1963). The birds [Video file]. Retrieved May 15, 2018, from http://www.netflix.com/Canada