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APA Citation Style Guide

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About Citing Audiovisual Media

When citing audiovisual media, whether it is a podcast, CD, news, YouTube video, television or film clip, you should always provide the description in brackets [ ] to show the format in your citation.

Examples: [Video file], [Television series episode], [Audio podcast], [CD].


Note: the author of a video posted on YouTube or a similar site is generally presumed to be the person who posted the video.

YouTube video:


Author, A. A. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video


Gonzalez, A. (2014, Dec 28). Beeding slipper tops [Video file]. Retrieved from

Great big story. (2017, Feb 27). Pow wow in the club: A new spin on First Nations music [Video file]. Retrieved from




Author, A. A. (Role/Contribution). (Date of production/publication). Title in sentence case and italics [Format]. Retrieved from


Pagel, J. (Producer). (2017, Oct 10). These girls will stop at nothing to get their own hockey team [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from

Motion Picture

The primary contributors (e.g. Producer, Director) are listed in the author position. The format (e.g., Motion picture, DVD) is given in square brackets after the title.

Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Year). Title of movie [Format]. Country where movie was

produced: Name of Studio.


Hitchcock, A. (Producer), & Hitchcock, A. (Director). (1963). The birds [Motion picture]. United States: Universal Pictures.

When a movie has been accessed online, the URL takes the place of the country and the studio.

Hitchcock, A. (Producer), & Hitchcock, A. (Director). (1963). The birds [Video file]. Retrieved May 15, 2018, from