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ASA Style Guide

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General Guidelines for ASA Style

American Sociological Association (ASA) style is generally used for papers in sociology. 

ASA requires in-text citations and a list of references at the end of the paper. 

Each in-text citation must provide the information necessary to identify the source in the list of references, and each reference must provide the information necessary to locate exactly that source.

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Format of References

1. Double-space references.
Tip: To double space a reference in Word, select it and press Ctrl + 2.

2. Format each reference with a hanging indent.
Tip: To formatte a reference with a hanging indent in Word, select it and press Ctrl +T.

3. Give the name of the first author in inverted order, with the last name first:
Smith, Jean…

Give the names of subsequent authors in normal order:
Smith, Jean and Rosa Litten…
 
Seperate the names of authors with commas, except for the last two, which should be seperated with "and":
Smith, Jean, Rosa Litten and George Sills…

4. Give the date immediatly after the author's name:

Smith, Jean. 2000…


5. Italicize titles of books and journals and place titles of chapters (in books) and articles (in journals) in quotation marks:

…"Title of Chapter.” Pp. 50-60 in Title of Book

Title of Article.” Title of Journal 5(10):100-200…

6. Put page numbers of book chapters after the title of the chapter and before the title of the book:

… “Chapter Title.” Pp 50-60 in Title of Book

Put page numbers of articles after the issue numbers of the journal:

 …Title of Journal. 5(10): 10-30.


7. For books, give the place of publication and the name of the publisher at the end of the citation. Abbreviations for states and provinces are not necessary if the city is well known or if the state or province is obvious from the name of the publisher.

…Boston: Beacon Press.

…Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.


8. If book is alphabetized according to an editor, “ed” follows the name. However, if a chapter in a book is alphabetized the author of the chapter, "editeded by"' is spelled out and comes before the editor's name:

Kivisto, Peter, ed. 2001. Illuminating Social Life: Classical and Contemporary Theory Revisited. 2nd Ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
Lorber, Judith and Patricia Yancey Martin. 2001. “The Socially Constructed Body: Insights from Feminist Theory.” Pp. 259-282 in Illuminating Social Life: Classical and Contemporary Theory Revisited, edited by Peter Kivisto. 2nd Ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.