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ASA Style Guide

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General Guidelines for ASA Style

American Sociological Association (ASA) style is generally used for papers in sociology. 

ASA requires in-text citations and a list of references at the end of the paper. 

Each in-text citation must provide the information necessary to identify the source in the list of references, and each reference must provide the information necessary to locate exactly that source.

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Organization of References

References are arranged alphabetically according to the last name of the author or editor:

Archer, Robin. 2007. Why is there no Labor Party in the United States? Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Beamish, Rob. 2010. The Promise of Sociology: the Classical Tradition and Contemporary Sociological Thinking. Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Calhoun, Craig, ed. 2007. Sociology in America: A History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

If there is more than one author of editor, alphabetize using the fist one given:

Manzi, Tony, Karen Lucas, Tony Lloyd Jones, and Judith Allen, eds. 2010. Social Sustainability in Urban Areas: Communities, Connectivity and the Urban Fabric. London; Washington, DC: Earthscan.

Multiple reference by an author or editor are listed in chronological order with the earliest first:

Kivisto, Peter, ed. 2001. Illuminating Social Life: Classical and Contemporary Theory Revisited. 2nd Ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
Kivisto, Peter. 2011. Key Ideas in Sociology. 3rd ed. Los Angeles: Pine Forge Press.

Reference published in the same year by the same author are listed alphabetically by title and distinguished by letters placed after the year (which should also be used in the corresponding in-text citations):

Garlick, Steve .2010a. “Taking Control of Sex? Hegemonic Masculinity, Technology, and Internet Pornography.” Men and Masculinities 12(5):597-614.
Garlick, Steve. 2010b. “Uncanny Sex: Cloning, Photographic Vision, and the Reproduction of Nature.” Social Semiotics 20(2):139-54.